Increase Mather

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Increase Mather
Appletons' Mather Richard - Increase
MatherEliot House

The Basics

Full Name: Increase Mather
First Name: Increase
Last Name: Mather
Maiden Name:
Birth Date: 1639
Death Date: 1723
Father: Richard Mather
Mother: Katherine Hoult
Spouse: Maria Cotton
Marriage Date: 1667
Town: Boston
Occupation: minister of the 2nd Church in Boston
Trial Role(s): minister
Trial Activity: wrote Cases of Conscience
Notes: Graduated Harvard College in 1658, Trinity 1658(?). 1715 married Ann Lake
Record Number(s): 699 [1]
Link to case file at the Salem Witch Trials Documentary Archive and Transcription Project: [ Case File]
Link to records containing the name Increase Mather: Records


  1. Rosenthal, Bernard, Records of the Salem Witch-Hunt, (New York : Cambridge University Press, 2009, ISBN 0521661668 ), Record number(s):

Summary Narrative

Increase Mather was son of Richard Mather and father of Cotton Mather.


Increase married Maria Cotton, the daughter of John Cotton and Sarah Hankredge. Maria's mother had married Increase's father following the death of John Cotton.

Witch Trials

Increase was the author of Remarkable Providences, An Essay For the Recording of Illustrious Providences, which was published in Boston in 1684. Remarkable Providences
During the Salem Witch Trials, Increase wrote Cases of Conscience Concerning Evil Spirits Personating Men, Witchcrafts, infallible Proofs of Guilt in such as are accused with that Crime, which was published in September 1692.



Record Number 728 - Recognizance for Frances Hutchins by Samuel Hutchins & Joseph Kingsbury

Memorandum --

That on the Twenty one Day of Decemb'r: Anno'qe D[mbar ] : one Thousand Six hundred Ninty & two in the: fourth year of the Reigne of our Sovereigne Lord & Lady William & Mary by the Grace of God of England &c. King & Queen Defenders of the faith &c: Personally came and Appeared before me George Corwin High Shirriffe for the County of Essex of the Province of the Massathutets Bay in New England -- Samuel Hutchens of Haverell and Jospeh Kingsbury of Haverell afores'd Husbandman and Acknowledged themselves Indebted Unto our Sovereigne Lord & Lady the King & Queen or the Survivors of them their Heires & Successors: in the Summe of two hundred pounds to beleaved one their Goods & Chattles Lands & Tenements for the Use of our Sovereigne Lord & Lady the King & Queen or the Successors of them if Default be made in the Performance of the Condition UnderwrittenVidellisitt --The condition of the above written Recognizance is Such That Whereas francess Hutchens Widdow of Haverell afores'd is Suspected of and Accused of Committing Divers Acts of Witchcraft s If therefore the Said frances Hutchens afores'd: Shall & do make her Personall Appearance before the Justices of our Sovereigne Lord & Lady the King & Queen at the Next Court of Assize of Oyer & Terminer Next Generall Goal Delivery to be held for & within the County of Essex afores'd; to answar what shall be objected ag't: her on their Maj'tes: behalfe Refering to the Witchcrafts & to do & Receive that by w'ch said Court shall be then and there Injoyned & not Darpart without Licence Then the said Recognizance to be Void: or Else to abide in full force & Vertue In Wittness wherof the: above Named Persons #[have] Sam'll: Hutchings & Joseph Kingsberry have hereunto sett our hands & seales this Twenty first Day of December in the Year of our Lord one Thousand six hundred Ninty & two, and in the fourth year of their Maj'ties ReigneWittnessed:*Thomas Beadle

  • Joshua Conant
  • Jno Gyles 1692
  • Samuel huchins
  • Joseph Kingsberry